Let’s be honest, as a passive investor, you have some work ahead of you. In the area of real estate investing, passive investing necessitates significantly less effort than serving as a General Partner. Being a passive investor, on the other hand, necessitates understanding your return measures.

Two things a successful passive investor wants to do and a few things before deploying some money.

- Look into the sponsor
- Use return measures to evaluate the agreement.

Again, these should not be compared to the amount of time and effort required to secure the opportunity , but they should not be discounted either.

You should feel confident in your ability to move forward with a sponsor and a deal as a passive investor. You might be wondering how you go about doing it. So don’t worry, I’ve taken care of you. Your golden ticket will be understanding the most prevalent investment return indicators, as well as how, when, and why they are used. As you move forward, this information will help you succeed; education is essential in the investment process.

*Average Annualized Return (AAR)*

*Average Annualized Return (AAR)*

Consider cash flow, appreciation, and amortisation as three ways for apartment complexes to produce money.

To calculate the AAR, combine all three indicators together, divide by the number of years you held the investment, and then divide by the amount of money you invested.

This indicator is frequently compared to alternative investments, such as the stock market, gold, and so on.

*Internal Rate of Return (IRR)*

*Internal Rate of Return (IRR)*

The amount of money you invest into a deal when it starts is taken into account by IRR. This can comprise distributions as well as any proceeds from a cash-out refinance or sale, all of which are combined into a single macro-return.

This return is then modified to account for the period that has transpired between when the money was invested and when the returns were received.

When you receive the money is a major driver of IRR. As an investor, you’ll want to comprehend the concept of time value of money. Because of inflation and usability, obtaining $25,000 now is preferable to receiving $25,000 in a year. $25,000 will have less purchasing power next year than it does now.

We can calculate how much more useful it is to obtain $25,000 today than it would be next year using IRR.

**Return on Investment (ROI)**

**Return on Investment (ROI)**

The return on investment (ROI) aims to directly evaluate the amount of profit made on a given investment in relation to its cost.

The benefit (or return) of an investment is divided by the cost of the investment to compute ROI. A percentage or a ratio is used to express the result.

For instance, assume you put $2,000 into the stock market in 2018 and sold the shares for $2,400 a year later. Divide the net profits ($2,400 – $2,000 = $400) by the initial cost ($2,000) to get a return on investment of $400/$2,000, or 20%.

You can use this information to compare investing in the stock market to other projects.

**Appreciation **

**Appreciation**

This is a term that many homeowners are familiar with. Your home’s worth has most certainly increased over time, a process known as appreciation.

Appreciation is simply the growth in the value of an asset over time.

We advise against putting all your eggs in one basket when it comes to appreciation. It’s crucial to keep in mind that it can be a little unreliable. The pace of appreciation will be much higher in markets that are now experiencing robust economic and population expansion than in markets that are currently experiencing weak economies and population losses.

Again, it’s a good number to ask about, but don’t make it your only strategy when investing in real estate.

**Equity Multiple**

**Equity Multiple**

Even though it isn’t the most crucial, it is still worth considering.

To illustrate, suppose you invest $100,000 in a trade and receive $200,000 over the course of five years. This implies that you have a 2X equity multiple.

It’s vital to remember that the length of the hold has a big impact on this statistic.

This statistic may be bandied around since it is quick and easy, but because of the reliance on the hold period, it should not be used as the key metric for determining whether or not to fund a deal.

**Cash on Cash Return (CoC)**

**Cash on Cash Return (CoC)**

On a pre-tax basis, cash-on-cash return evaluates the amount of cash flow compared to the amount of cash invested in a property investment.

If you invest $200,000 in a multifamily syndicate and receive $14,000 per year, your CoC return is 7%.

It’s a basic formula, but knowing how to calculate cash-on-cash return is essential if you want to be a successful investor; it’s one of the most commonly measured measures. Most people use his return measure to figure out how much money they get back each year – and since “passive income” is a big reason for many to start investing, this is crucial! These are some basic concepts that passive investors should be aware of.

You are not driving the car, but sitting in as passenger, you don’t want to end up somewhere you don’t want to be. Stay in control by entering a deal with these parameters in place, and you’ll be fine.